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俄罗斯的外国旧教徒 Russian Old Believers

塔蒂安娜·普洛特尼科娃 Tatiana Plotnikova http://www.cnpps.org 2014-04-14 20:14:49 来源:华赛网

  2009年,许林、穆雷切夫、费费洛夫三家人(来自大许林家族的三代俄罗斯旧礼仪派教徒)从玻利维亚和乌拉圭回到俄罗斯远东滨海边疆区德素村团聚并长久定居下来。20世纪40年代以前,有一批旧教徒生活于此。旧教徒分散在世界各处,有些在拉丁美洲和阿拉斯加,但是即使在那些地方,他们仍然小心地保留着俄罗斯文化和传统生活方式。他们的宗教书籍是用旧斯拉夫语写的,食物也是家里自制。已婚女人必须用布包上头部,男人要留胡须。故事的主人公是阿加菲娅·许林·费费洛夫(38岁),她跟随丈夫与女儿生活在拉美,有6个孙子。

  In 2009 the Kylin, Murychev and Fefelov families (three generations of the Russian Old Believers from big Kylin family) reunited to return to Dersu village in Primorsky Krai in the Russian Far East, from Bolivia and Uruguay to settle down there for ever. Till the middle of 1940s a community of Old Believers lived there.

  Old Believers are dispersed all over the world, some of them live in Latin America and Alaska but even there they carefully preserved Russian culture and traditional way of life.

  Resettlers are convinced they will be able to self-actualize in Russia, their historical homeland and their core source of spiritual and moral strength.

  They lead a quiet and discrete life and do all their bet to stay away from the vanities and temptations of the outer world. Their religious books are written in the Old Slavonic language, food is all homemade. Married women are obliged to cover their head and their men have beards.

  The main character of this story is Agafia Kylin-Fefelov, a woman of 38, who followed her husband with her daughters leaving behind in Latin America 6 grand sons.

俄罗斯的外国旧教徒 Russian Old Believers

  玛丽娜·费费洛夫·凯琳娜(17岁)与双亲、两个姐妹和祖父母从乌拉圭来到俄罗斯。她依宗教规范穿着手工制作的长裙(妇女和少女的传统民族服饰)。在旧教徒的文化中禁止穿太暴露的服装。

  Marina Fefelova-Kilina (17) arrived in Russia with her parents, two sisters and grandparents from Uruguay. She wears a handmade long dress - sarafan (traditional Russian folk costume by women and girls) over religious norms. The cultural expressions of the Old Believers proscribe wearing clothing that reveals too much of the body.

  

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