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俄罗斯的单一制城市 Russan unitary system town
谢尔盖· 波诺马廖夫Sergey Ponomarev http://www.cnpps.org 2013-03-23 13:00:09 来源：华赛网
A man and woman observe the chemical factory in Kemerovo, Russia, Oct. 14, 2012.
A unitary system town is a town whose economy is dominated by a single industry or company. The term is especially often used in Russia, where the Soviet planned economy created hundreds of unitary system towns in supposedly rational locations, often in geographically inhospitable areas. The situation in many of Russia's unitary system towns is highly problematic due to their inflexibility and uncompetitiveness.
Russia has a total of about 400 monocities that were established around timber processing, machine building, food, fuel, and metal manufacturing industry plants. Nearly 10 % of Russia's population live in these cities. Many plants and factories are obsolete and outdated. It's been a long time since they were making products that the market demands, thus, they lived on credit. The borrowed life was halted by the 2008 banking crisis. The challenge of losing job started to threaten 16 million men and women.
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